1833 Francis Tumblety: Birth According to the US census of 1850, Tumblety was born in Ireland and emigrated to the USA with his family shortly afterwards
September 1841 Annie Chapman: Born Eliza Ann Smith
27th November 1843 Elizabeth Stride: Born Born as Elizabeth Gustafsdotter near Gothenburg in Sweden
26th August 1845 Mary Ann 'Polly' Nichols: Born Mary Ann Walker
15th August 1857 Montague MJ Druitt: Montague Druitt born Druitt is born at Wimborne in Dorset
1863 Mary Jane Kelly: Born According to her acquaintance Joseph Barnett, Kelly claimed to have been born in Limerick before moving to Wales as a child
16th January 1864 Mary Ann 'Polly' Nichols: Marries William Nichols
5th May 1865 Francis Tumblety: Arrested in St. Louis Tumblety arrested in connection with the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. While he knew one of the accused, there was nothing to the charge and he was released on May 30th.
11th September 1865 Aaron Kosminski: Born in Klodawa, Poland
1866 Elizabeth Stride: Moves to London
7th March 1869 Elizabeth Stride: Marries John Thomas Stride The couple keep a coffee house in Poplar
1st May 1869 Annie Chapman: Marries John Chapman The couple live at 29 Montpelier Place in Brompton - also the home of Chapman's mother until her death in 1893.
1870 Montague MJ Druitt: Wins scholarship to Winchester College
1872 Aaron Kosminski: Emigrates to England On arrival, sets up trade as a barber
March 1877 Elizabeth Stride: Admitted to Poplar workhouse
1879 Mary Jane Kelly: Marriage to John Davies
1880 Montague MJ Druitt: Graduates from Oxford
1881 Mary Ann 'Polly' Nichols: Separated from William Nichols The last time the two would separate - their marriage having been characterised by several prior separations
1882 Mary Ann 'Polly' Nichols: Turns to prostitution When William Nichols discovers her trade, he ceases payments to her
17th May 1882 Montague MJ Druitt: Admitted to the Inner Temple as a barrister
1884 Annie Chapman: Separates from husband Although the precise details for the separation are unknown, a police report will later state that it was due to her 'immoral and drunken ways.' Chapman was arrested several times for drunkenness.
26th May 1884 Montague MJ Druitt: Elected to the MCC
29th April 1885 Montague MJ Druitt: Called to the Bar
30th September 1887 Ripper suspect Michael Ostrog confined to an asylum Suffering from 'mania', Ostrog is sent to Surrey Pauper Lunatic Asylum
7th August 1888 Martha Tabram Martha Tabram's 39 years on Earth were mean and tragic. Despite being married and having two children by the age of 22, Martha's drinking soon got the better of her. So severe was her alcohol intake that she suffered from frequent alcoholic fits and her husband left her. A dutiful man, he carried pa... Martha Tabram: in depth
30th August 1888 - 01:20 Mary Ann 'Polly' Nichols: Arrives at 18 Thrawl Street With no doss money, she is refused by the deputy. Laughingly, she told him she'd soon earn her doss money and pointed out a "jolly bonnet" she had acquired.
30th August 1888 - 11:30 Mary Ann 'Polly' Nichols: Seen walking alone in Whitechapel Road
31st August 1888 Mary Ann 'Polly' Nichols On the evening of the 30th August 1888 the skies over London were tortured. Lightning accompanied heavy rains that had been a feature of one of the coldest and wettest summers on record and the horizon was etched black on red as two huge dock fires burnt along the Thames.In the darkened slums of the... Mary Ann 'Polly' Nichols: in depth
31st August 1888 Mary Ann 'Polly' Nichols: Leaves the Frying Pan pub The Frying Pan was situated on the corner of Thrawl Street and Brick Lane.
31st August 1888 - 01:20 Mary Ann 'Polly' Nichols: Kicked out of doss house Unable to produce money for a room for the night, Polly is kicked out of her doss house at 18 Thrawl Street. In light spirits, she tells the deputy "Never Mind - I'll soon get my doss money. See what a jolly bonnet I've got now."
31st August 1888 - 02:30 Mary Ann 'Polly' Nichols: Seen by her friend Emily Holland Hollands tells the police later that Polly was very drunk and joking about having spent her doss money three times that day and spent it on alcohol.
31st August 1888 - 03:40 Mary Ann 'Polly' Nichols: Body discovered in Buck's Row Carman Charles Cross is on his way to work at Pickfords in City when he notices someone laying in the street. He calls over fellow pedestrian Robert Paul, saying: "Come and look over here, there's a woman." Cross believes she is dead but the arms above the elbow and legs are still discernibly warm. Paul believes he feels a faint heartbeat. "I think she's breathing, but it is little if she is." In the dark, they cannot see the injuries Nichols has sustained and both agree to leave her and alert the next constable they meet.
8th September 1888 Annie Chapman Annie Chapman led a life tainted by tragedy, falling from an apparently solid and stable life, with 3 children and a husband, to become one of the Ripper's victims in the squalor of the East End.Born in 1841, she married John Chapman relatively late in life in 1869 and couple had 3 children. In the ... Annie Chapman: in depth
27th September 1888 "Dear Boss" Letter The letter coining the nickname Jack the Ripper is posted to the Central News Agency
29th September 1888 - 18:00 Elizabeth Stride: Has a drink with friend Elizabeth Tanner Following their drink at the Queen's Head, the pair head back to their lodgings.
29th September 1888 - 19:30 Elizabeth Stride: Leaves lodging house Charles Preston and Catherine Lane see her leaving the lodging house. Shortly afterwards, she passes by the lodging house watchman Thomas Bates, looking cheerful. Catherine Lane will later state that "I know the deceased had 6d when she left, she showed it to me, stating that the deputy had given it to her."
29th September 1888 - 23:00 Elizabeth Stride: Seen leaving the Bricklayer's Arms Two workmen see Stride leaving the Bricklayer's Arms on Settle Street. He is described as a short man with a dark mustache and sandy eyelashes and was wearing a billycock hat, morning suit and coat. The pair are kissing and hugging in the doorway and refuse to come in for a drink, despite the rain.
29th September 1888 - 23:45 Elizabeth Stride: Seen on Berner Street William Marshall is standing in the doorway of 64 Berner Street (now Henriques Street). He notices Stride talking to a man in a short black cutaway coat and sailor's hat outside number 63. They are kissing and carrying on. He hears the man say "You would say anything but your prayers."
30th September 1888 Elizabeth Stride Of the Ripper's victims, perhaps Elizabeth Stride had the most storied past. Originating in Sweden as plain old Elizabeth Gustafsdotter in 1843, she had fallen into prostitution by her early 20s, having tried a brief stint in domestic service. Police records in Gothenburg registered her as a prostit... Elizabeth Stride: in depth
30th September 1888 Catherine Eddowes The Ripper - having been apparently interrupted in his attempts to mutilate Elizabeth Stride - accosted poor, luckless Catherine somewhere around Mitre Square. Somewhere in the secluded gloom in the corner of the square, the killer choked the life from her before eviscerating her corpse. Her intesti... Catherine Eddowes: in depth
30th September 1888 Elizabeth Stride: PC Smith sees Stride Smith describes a young man with Stride on Berner Street opposite the International Working Men's Educational Club. He is around 28 wearing a dark coat and hard deerstalker hat and carrying a parcel wrapped in newspaper approximately 6 inches high and 18 inches in length.
30th September 1888 Elizabeth Stride: Israel Schwartz sees Stride being attacked Schwarz sees saw a man stop and speak to a woman standing in a gateway. The man throws her down on the path, making her scream - albeit not very loudly. A frightened Schwarz crosses to the opposite side of the street and sees another man lighting a pipe. The assailant shouts "Lipski" - apparently in the direction of this second man. Schwartz intially walks away but finds that the man follows him. Scared, he runs to a railway bridge and finds that he has not been followed that far.
30th September 1888 - 01:00 Elizabeth Stride: Body found Jewellery salesman Louis Diemschutz enters Dutfield's Yard just off Berner Street in his pony and cart. The pony shies and refuses to go in, making Diemschutz suspect something was in the way. The yard is too dark to see, and Diemschutz uses his whip to probe around on the floor. He finds a body, which he assumes is a drunkard. He enters the adjacent International Working Men's Educational Club but on returning to the yard he and his two companions discover that the woman is dead - her throat slashed.
15th October 1888 The 'From Hell' letter is sent to George Lusk Lusk, the chairman of the Whitechapel Vigilance committee receives a letter purporting to be from the Ripper. Inside is part of what is apparently a human kidney, matching the portion taken from the body of Catherin Eddowes
7th November 1888 Francis Tumblety: Arrested in London Arrested for 'gross indency' - assumed to mean homosexual activity. Ripper authors Gainey and Evans suggest this was a cover story for the real reason for his arrest: suspicion of his complicity in the Ripper crimes
8th November 1888 - 23:45 Mary Jane Kelly: Seen in the company of a man Mary Ann Cox recalled seeing Kelly carrying a can of beer and accompanied by a stout, ginger-haired man
9th November 1888 Mary Jane Kelly Mary Jane Kelly was the last definitive victim of Jack the Ripper. She died in the most horrible way imaginable in her bed, her body defiled almost beyond recognition by the Ripper's knife. If one image serves to illustrate the foul depravity of the Ripper's mind, it is this: her semi-naked form bru... Mary Jane Kelly: in depth
9th November 1888 - 01:00 Mary Jane Kelly: Heard singing Mary Ann Cox recalled hearing Kelly singing "A Violet I Plucked from Mother's Grave When a Boy" in her room around 1am
9th November 1888 - 02:00 Mary Jane Kelly: Seen with a man George Hutchison meets Kelly who asks him for a sixpence. He doesn't have one, but is still there when another man approaches Kelly from behind, taps her on the shoulder and says something which makes them both laugh. Hutchison hears the man tell Kelly "You will be all right for what I have told you". He is carrying a small parcel wrapped in cloth.
Hutchison continues to watch the couple for some time until Kelly says "All right my dear. Come along, and you'll be comfortable." The two disappear into Miller's Court.
9th November 1888 - 04:00 Mary Jane Kelly: A cry of 'murder' is heard Two witnesses report hearing a cry of murder from the direction of Kelly's room. However, such a cry was commonplace in London at the time and both went back to sleep
9th November 1888 - 10:45 Mary Jane Kelly: Body found Thomas Bowyer arrives at Miller's Court to collect the rent for Kelly's lodgings. When there is no reply to his knocks, he looks through the broken window, sees blood and a body and returns to his employer. The two seek the aid of the police, and by 10:55 Inspector Beck has sent for Doctor Phillips while he and the two men return to the scene.
20th November 1888 Francis Tumblety: Flees London Using a false name - Frank Townsend - Tumblety skips bail and travels to France
24th November 1888 Francis Tumblety: Leaves Europe to travel back to the USA
1st December 1888 Montague MJ Druitt: Commits suicide On or around this date, Ripper suspect Montague Druitt commits suicide in the Thames
July 1890 Aaron Kosminski: Detained Placed at Mile End Old Town Workhouse due to his insanity
February 1891 Aaron Kosminski: Returned to workhouse Again due to reasons of insanity, Kosminski is detained at Mile End Old Town workhouse
13th February 1891 Frances Coles The last murder recorded by the police as belonging to the Whitechapel Murders was that of Frances Coles. Fully two and a half years since the last definitively attributed Jack the Ripper killing, her body was found, throat cut in a quiet thoroughfare in the early hours of Friday 13th February 1891.... Frances Coles: in depth
13th February 1891 The Whitechapel Murders cease
March 1891 Aaron Kosminski: Sent to Colney Hatch lunatic asylum
19th April 1894 Aaron Kosminski: Committed to Leavesden Asylum Case notes show he has been ill since 1885 and refuses to wash and bathe, and eats scraps of others' food from the gutters
28th May 1903 Francis Tumblety: Death Tumblety died of heart disease and was buried in the Holy Sepulchre Cemetery, Rochester, New York
1910 Robert Anderson claims the Ripper was a 'low class Polish Jew' Anderson makes the claim in his memoirs: The Lighter Side of my Official Life. Chief Inspector Donald Swanson makes a marginal note in his presentational copy that 'the suspect was Kosminki'
24th March 1919 Aaron Kosminski: Death Dies - still at Leavesen Asylum. He weighs just 44lbs.