Jack The Ripper
Timeline

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  • 1833
    Francis Tumblety: Birth
    According to the US census of 1850, Tumblety was born in Ireland and emigrated to the USA with his family shortly afterwards
  • September 1841
    Annie Chapman: Born Eliza Ann Smith
  • 27th November 1843
    Elizabeth Stride: Born
    Born as Elizabeth Gustafsdotter near Gothenburg in Sweden
  • 26th August 1845
    Mary Ann 'Polly' Nichols: Born Mary Ann Walker
  • 15th August 1857
    Montague MJ Druitt: Montague Druitt born
    Druitt is born at Wimborne in Dorset
  • 1863
    Mary Jane Kelly: Born
    According to her acquaintance Joseph Barnett, Kelly claimed to have been born in Limerick before moving to Wales as a child
  • 16th January 1864
    Mary Ann 'Polly' Nichols: Marries William Nichols
  • 5th May 1865
    Francis Tumblety: Arrested in St. Louis
    Tumblety arrested in connection with the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. While he knew one of the accused, there was nothing to the charge and he was released on May 30th.
  • 11th September 1865
    Aaron Kosminski: Born in Klodawa, Poland
  • 1866
    Elizabeth Stride: Moves to London
  • 7th March 1869
    Elizabeth Stride: Marries John Thomas Stride
    The couple keep a coffee house in Poplar
  • 1st May 1869
    Annie Chapman: Marries John Chapman
    The couple live at 29 Montpelier Place in Brompton - also the home of Chapman's mother until her death in 1893.
  • 1870
    Montague MJ Druitt: Wins scholarship to Winchester College
  • 1872
    Aaron Kosminski: Emigrates to England
    On arrival, sets up trade as a barber
  • March 1877
    Elizabeth Stride: Admitted to Poplar workhouse
  • 1879
    Mary Jane Kelly: Marriage to John Davies
  • 1880
    Montague MJ Druitt: Graduates from Oxford
  • 1881
    Mary Ann 'Polly' Nichols: Separated from William Nichols
    The last time the two would separate - their marriage having been characterised by several prior separations
  • 1882
    Mary Ann 'Polly' Nichols: Turns to prostitution
    When William Nichols discovers her trade, he ceases payments to her
  • 17th May 1882
    Montague MJ Druitt: Admitted to the Inner Temple as a barrister
  • 1884
    Annie Chapman: Separates from husband
    Although the precise details for the separation are unknown, a police report will later state that it was due to her 'immoral and drunken ways.' Chapman was arrested several times for drunkenness.
  • 26th May 1884
    Montague MJ Druitt: Elected to the MCC
  • 29th April 1885
    Montague MJ Druitt: Called to the Bar
  • 30th September 1887
    Ripper suspect Michael Ostrog confined to an asylum
    Suffering from 'mania', Ostrog is sent to Surrey Pauper Lunatic Asylum
  • 7th August 1888 Martha Tabram
    Martha Tabram
    Martha Tabram's 39 years on Earth were mean and tragic. Despite being married and having two children by the age of 22, Martha's drinking soon got the better of her. So severe was her alcohol intake that she suffered from frequent alcoholic fits and her husband left her. A dutiful man, he carried pa...
    Martha Tabram: in depth
  • 30th August 1888 - 01:20
    Mary Ann 'Polly' Nichols: Arrives at 18 Thrawl Street
    With no doss money, she is refused by the deputy. Laughingly, she told him she'd soon earn her doss money and pointed out a "jolly bonnet" she had acquired.
  • 30th August 1888 - 11:30
    Mary Ann 'Polly' Nichols: Seen walking alone in Whitechapel Road
  • 31st August 1888 Mary Ann 'Polly' Nichols
    Mary Ann 'Polly' Nichols
    On the evening of the 30th August 1888 the skies over London were tortured. Lightning accompanied heavy rains that had been a feature of one of the coldest and wettest summers on record and the horizon was etched black on red as two huge dock fires burnt along the Thames.In the darkened slums of the...
    Mary Ann 'Polly' Nichols: in depth
  • 31st August 1888
    Mary Ann 'Polly' Nichols: Leaves the Frying Pan pub
    The Frying Pan was situated on the corner of Thrawl Street and Brick Lane.
  • 31st August 1888 - 01:20
    Mary Ann 'Polly' Nichols: Kicked out of doss house
    Unable to produce money for a room for the night, Polly is kicked out of her doss house at 18 Thrawl Street. In light spirits, she tells the deputy "Never Mind - I'll soon get my doss money. See what a jolly bonnet I've got now."
  • 31st August 1888 - 02:30
    Mary Ann 'Polly' Nichols: Seen by her friend Emily Holland
    Hollands tells the police later that Polly was very drunk and joking about having spent her doss money three times that day and spent it on alcohol.
  • 31st August 1888 - 03:40
    Mary Ann 'Polly' Nichols: Body discovered in Buck's Row
    Carman Charles Cross is on his way to work at Pickfords in City when he notices someone laying in the street. He calls over fellow pedestrian Robert Paul, saying: "Come and look over here, there's a woman." Cross believes she is dead but the arms above the elbow and legs are still discernibly warm. Paul believes he feels a faint heartbeat. "I think she's breathing, but it is little if she is." In the dark, they cannot see the injuries Nichols has sustained and both agree to leave her and alert the next constable they meet.
  • 8th September 1888 Annie Chapman
    Annie Chapman
    Annie Chapman led a life tainted by tragedy, falling from an apparently solid and stable life, with 3 children and a husband, to become one of the Ripper's victims in the squalor of the East End.Born in 1841, she married John Chapman relatively late in life in 1869 and couple had 3 children. In the ...
    Annie Chapman: in depth
  • 27th September 1888
    "Dear Boss" Letter
    The letter coining the nickname Jack the Ripper is posted to the Central News Agency
  • 29th September 1888 - 18:00
    Elizabeth Stride: Has a drink with friend Elizabeth Tanner
    Following their drink at the Queen's Head, the pair head back to their lodgings.
  • 29th September 1888 - 19:30
    Elizabeth Stride: Leaves lodging house
    Charles Preston and Catherine Lane see her leaving the lodging house. Shortly afterwards, she passes by the lodging house watchman Thomas Bates, looking cheerful. Catherine Lane will later state that "I know the deceased had 6d when she left, she showed it to me, stating that the deputy had given it to her."
  • 29th September 1888 - 23:00
    Elizabeth Stride: Seen leaving the Bricklayer's Arms
    Two workmen see Stride leaving the Bricklayer's Arms on Settle Street. He is described as a short man with a dark mustache and sandy eyelashes and was wearing a billycock hat, morning suit and coat. The pair are kissing and hugging in the doorway and refuse to come in for a drink, despite the rain.
  • 29th September 1888 - 23:45
    Elizabeth Stride: Seen on Berner Street
    William Marshall is standing in the doorway of 64 Berner Street (now Henriques Street). He notices Stride talking to a man in a short black cutaway coat and sailor's hat outside number 63. They are kissing and carrying on. He hears the man say "You would say anything but your prayers."
  • 30th September 1888 Elizabeth Stride
    Elizabeth Stride
    Of the Ripper's victims, perhaps Elizabeth Stride had the most storied past. Originating in Sweden as plain old Elizabeth Gustafsdotter in 1843, she had fallen into prostitution by her early 20s, having tried a brief stint in domestic service. Police records in Gothenburg registered her as a prostit...
    Elizabeth Stride: in depth
  • 30th September 1888 Catherine Eddowes
    Catherine Eddowes
    The Ripper - having been apparently interrupted in his attempts to mutilate Elizabeth Stride - accosted poor, luckless Catherine somewhere around Mitre Square. Somewhere in the secluded gloom in the corner of the square, the killer choked the life from her before eviscerating her corpse. Her intesti...
    Catherine Eddowes: in depth
  • 30th September 1888
    Elizabeth Stride: PC Smith sees Stride
    Smith describes a young man with Stride on Berner Street opposite the International Working Men's Educational Club. He is around 28 wearing a dark coat and hard deerstalker hat and carrying a parcel wrapped in newspaper approximately 6 inches high and 18 inches in length.
  • 30th September 1888
    Elizabeth Stride: Israel Schwartz sees Stride being attacked
    Schwarz sees saw a man stop and speak to a woman standing in a gateway. The man throws her down on the path, making her scream - albeit not very loudly. A frightened Schwarz crosses to the opposite side of the street and sees another man lighting a pipe. The assailant shouts "Lipski" - apparently in the direction of this second man. Schwartz intially walks away but finds that the man follows him. Scared, he runs to a railway bridge and finds that he has not been followed that far.
  • 30th September 1888 - 01:00
    Elizabeth Stride: Body found
    Jewellery salesman Louis Diemschutz enters Dutfield's Yard just off Berner Street in his pony and cart. The pony shies and refuses to go in, making Diemschutz suspect something was in the way. The yard is too dark to see, and Diemschutz uses his whip to probe around on the floor. He finds a body, which he assumes is a drunkard. He enters the adjacent International Working Men's Educational Club but on returning to the yard he and his two companions discover that the woman is dead - her throat slashed.
  • 15th October 1888
    The 'From Hell' letter is sent to George Lusk
    Lusk, the chairman of the Whitechapel Vigilance committee receives a letter purporting to be from the Ripper. Inside is part of what is apparently a human kidney, matching the portion taken from the body of Catherin Eddowes
  • 7th November 1888
    Francis Tumblety: Arrested in London
    Arrested for 'gross indency' - assumed to mean homosexual activity. Ripper authors Gainey and Evans suggest this was a cover story for the real reason for his arrest: suspicion of his complicity in the Ripper crimes
  • 8th November 1888 - 23:45
    Mary Jane Kelly: Seen in the company of a man
    Mary Ann Cox recalled seeing Kelly carrying a can of beer and accompanied by a stout, ginger-haired man
  • 9th November 1888 Mary Jane Kelly
    Mary Jane Kelly
    Mary Jane Kelly was the last definitive victim of Jack the Ripper. She died in the most horrible way imaginable in her bed, her body defiled almost beyond recognition by the Ripper's knife. If one image serves to illustrate the foul depravity of the Ripper's mind, it is this: her semi-naked form bru...
    Mary Jane Kelly: in depth
  • 9th November 1888 - 01:00
    Mary Jane Kelly: Heard singing
    Mary Ann Cox recalled hearing Kelly singing "A Violet I Plucked from Mother's Grave When a Boy" in her room around 1am
  • 9th November 1888 - 02:00
    Mary Jane Kelly: Seen with a man
    George Hutchison meets Kelly who asks him for a sixpence. He doesn't have one, but is still there when another man approaches Kelly from behind, taps her on the shoulder and says something which makes them both laugh. Hutchison hears the man tell Kelly "You will be all right for what I have told you". He is carrying a small parcel wrapped in cloth.

    Hutchison continues to watch the couple for some time until Kelly says "All right my dear. Come along, and you'll be comfortable." The two disappear into Miller's Court.
  • 9th November 1888 - 04:00
    Mary Jane Kelly: A cry of 'murder' is heard
    Two witnesses report hearing a cry of murder from the direction of Kelly's room. However, such a cry was commonplace in London at the time and both went back to sleep
  • 9th November 1888 - 10:45
    Mary Jane Kelly: Body found
    Thomas Bowyer arrives at Miller's Court to collect the rent for Kelly's lodgings. When there is no reply to his knocks, he looks through the broken window, sees blood and a body and returns to his employer. The two seek the aid of the police, and by 10:55 Inspector Beck has sent for Doctor Phillips while he and the two men return to the scene.
  • 20th November 1888
    Francis Tumblety: Flees London
    Using a false name - Frank Townsend - Tumblety skips bail and travels to France
  • 24th November 1888
    Francis Tumblety: Leaves Europe to travel back to the USA
  • 1st December 1888
    Montague MJ Druitt: Commits suicide
    On or around this date, Ripper suspect Montague Druitt commits suicide in the Thames
  • July 1890
    Aaron Kosminski: Detained
    Placed at Mile End Old Town Workhouse due to his insanity
  • February 1891
    Aaron Kosminski: Returned to workhouse
    Again due to reasons of insanity, Kosminski is detained at Mile End Old Town workhouse
  • 13th February 1891
    Frances Coles
    The last murder recorded by the police as belonging to the Whitechapel Murders was that of Frances Coles. Fully two and a half years since the last definitively attributed Jack the Ripper killing, her body was found, throat cut in a quiet thoroughfare in the early hours of Friday 13th February 1891....
    Frances Coles: in depth
  • 13th February 1891
    The Whitechapel Murders cease
  • March 1891
    Aaron Kosminski: Sent to Colney Hatch lunatic asylum
  • 19th April 1894
    Aaron Kosminski: Committed to Leavesden Asylum
    Case notes show he has been ill since 1885 and refuses to wash and bathe, and eats scraps of others' food from the gutters
  • 28th May 1903
    Francis Tumblety: Death
    Tumblety died of heart disease and was buried in the Holy Sepulchre Cemetery, Rochester, New York
  • 1910
    Robert Anderson claims the Ripper was a 'low class Polish Jew'
    Anderson makes the claim in his memoirs: The Lighter Side of my Official Life. Chief Inspector Donald Swanson makes a marginal note in his presentational copy that 'the suspect was Kosminki'
  • 24th March 1919
    Aaron Kosminski: Death
    Dies - still at Leavesen Asylum. He weighs just 44lbs.

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